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China’s financial system picks up velocity in fourth quarter, ends 2020 in strong form after COVID-19 shock By Reuters


© Reuters. Individuals sporting face masks following the coronavirus illness (COVID-19) outbreak stroll alongside Nanluoguxiang alley


By Gabriel Crossley and Kevin Yao

BEIJING (Reuters) – China’s financial system picked up velocity within the fourth quarter, with development beating expectations because it ended a tough coronavirus-striken 2020 in remarkably fine condition and remained poised to develop additional this 12 months at the same time as the worldwide pandemic raged unabated.

Gross home product grew 2.3% in 2020, official information confirmed on Monday, making China the one main financial system on the planet to keep away from a contraction final 12 months as many countries struggled to include the COVID-19 pandemic. And China is predicted to proceed to energy forward of its friends this 12 months, with GDP set to develop on the quickest tempo in a decade at 8.4%, in accordance with a Reuters ballot.

The world’s second-largest financial system has stunned many with the velocity of its restoration from the coronavirus jolt, particularly as policymakers have additionally needed to navigate tense U.S.-China relations on commerce and different fronts.

Beijing’s strict virus curbs enabled it to largely include the COVID-19 outbreak a lot faster than most international locations, whereas government-led coverage stimulus and native producers stepping up manufacturing to provide items to many international locations crippled by the pandemic have additionally helped hearth up momentum.

GDP expanded 6.5% year-on-year within the fourth quarter, information from the Nationwide Bureau of Statistics confirmed, faster than the 6.1% forecast by economists in a Reuters ballot, and adopted the third quarter’s strong 4.9% development.

“The upper-than-expected GDP quantity signifies that development has stepped into the expansionary zone, though some sectors stay in restoration,” Xing Zhaopeng, economist at ANZ in Shanghai.

“Coverage exiting will pose counter-cyclical pressures on 2021 development.”

Backed by the strict virus containment measures and coverage stimulus, the financial system has recovered steadily from a steep 6.8% droop within the first three months of 2020, when an outbreak of COVID-19 within the central metropolis of Wuhan was a full-blown epidemic.


Asia’s financial powerhouse has been fuelled by a surprisingly resilient export sector, however China’s consumption – a key driver of development – has lagged expectations amid fears of a resurgence of COVID-19 circumstances.

Information final week confirmed Chinese language exports grew by greater than anticipated in December, as coronavirus disruptions world wide fuelled demand for Chinese language items at the same time as a stronger yuan made exports costlier for abroad patrons.

But, underscoring the large COVID-19 impression worldwide, China’s 2020 GDP development marked its weakest tempo since 1976, the ultimate 12 months of the decade-long Cultural Revolution that wrecked the financial system.

Total, the slew of brightening financial information has diminished the necessity for extra financial easing this 12 months, main the central financial institution to cut back some coverage assist, sources informed Reuters, however there can be no abrupt shift in coverage course, in accordance with prime policymakers.

On a quarter-on-quarter foundation, GDP rose 2.6% in October-December, the bureau mentioned, in contrast with expectations for a 3.2% rise and an upwardly revised 3.0 achieve within the earlier quarter.

Highlighting the weak point in consumption, retail gross sales fell 3.9% final 12 months, marking the primary contraction since 1968, information from NBS confirmed. Development in retail gross sales in December missed analyst forecasts and eased to 4.6% from November’s 5.0%, as gross sales of clothes, cosmetics, telecoms and autos slowed.

Nevertheless, China’s huge manufacturing sector continued to achieve momentum, with industrial output rising at a faster-than-expected fee of seven.3% final month from a 12 months in the past, hitting the best since March 2019.


Ning Jizhe, head of China’s statistics bureau, informed a briefing that there can be many beneficial situations to maintain China’s financial restoration in 2021.

This 12 months marks the beginning of China’s 14th five-year plan, which policymakers see as important for steering the financial system previous the so-called “center earnings entice”.

China nonetheless faces many challenges, not least the tensions between Beijing and Washington and the way they might play out underneath the brand new U.S. administration led by President-elect Joe Biden. As nicely, rising labour prices, the getting old inhabitants, and a current spike in credit score defaults add to dangers for an financial system that’s nonetheless attempting to cut back a mountain of debt.

“We needs to be alert to the next issues in 2021: first the imbalance of financial restoration. In contrast with funding and export, consumption is weak as an entire and has but to return to regular ranges,” Wang Jun, Beijing-based chief economist at Zhongyuan Financial institution.

“The second is the issue of extreme and fast credit score contraction.”

The central financial institution is poised to maintain its benchmark lending fee unchanged in coming months whereas steering a gradual slowdown in credit score growth in 2021, coverage sources have mentioned.

The Chinese language Academy of Social Sciences, a authorities assume tank, sees the macro leverage ratio leaping by about 30 share factors in 2020 to over 270%.

Whereas this 12 months’s predicted development fee of over 8% can be the strongest in a decade, led by an anticipated double-digit growth within the first quarter, it’s rendered much less spectacular coming off the low base set in pandemic-stricken 2020.

Some analysts additionally cautioned {that a} current rebound in COVID-19 circumstances within the northeast of the nation may impression exercise and consumption within the run-up to subsequent month’s lengthy Lunar New 12 months holidays.

“Management of people-flows has began, so the danger of a widespread outbreak of Covid needs to be small,” mentioned Iris Pang, ING’s chief China economist.

“However the danger of a expertise conflict between China and a few economies stays if the U.S. doesn’t take away some measures.”